Fixed Deposits in companies that earn a fixed rate of return over a period of time are called Company Fixed Deposits. Financial institutions and Non-Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs) also accept such deposits. Deposits thus mobilised are governed by the Companies Act under Section 58A. These deposits are unsecured, i.e., if the company defaults, the investor cannot sell the documents to recover his capital, thus making them a risky investment option.
Company Fixed Deposits have always offered interest which is 2-3% higher than Bank Deposit rate, because they have to pay higher interest to banks for borrowing money.
Interest is paid on monthly/quarterly/half yearly/yearly basis or on maturity, and is sent either through cheque or through Electronic Clearing System basis.
TDS is deducted if the interest on fixed deposit exceeds Rs.5000/- in a financial year. However, you can provide the company with the Form 15H/G if you are eligible to not pay any taxes for the relevant Financial year.